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Sommer et al. (2013) – Boys’ and Young Men’s Perspectives on Violence in Northern Tanzania


The challenge of violence for youth in low-income countries includes a range of experiences from witnessing to experiencing to participating in violence. Although boys and young men are often the perpetrators of such violence, they may also be its victims. Yet little evidence exists from the voiced experiences of boys themselves on perceptions and interpretations of the violence around them. Given the numerous negative health implications of violence for boys, for the girls and other boys with whom they interact, and for the health of their future partners and families, we conducted an in-depth study in rural and urban Tanzania with adolescent boys on the masculinity norms shaping their transitions through puberty that might be contributing to high-risk behaviours, including engagement in violence. The findings identified underlying societal gendered norms influencing the enactment of violence, and recommendations from the boys on how to diminish the violence around them. Additional research is needed with boys on the social norms and structural factors influencing their engagement in violence.


Sommer, Marni, Samuel Likindikoki, and Sylvia Kaaya2013. “Boys’ and Young Men’s Perspectives on Violence in Northern Tanzania.” Culture, Health & Sexuality 15(6):695–709. doi:10.1080/13691058.2013.779031.




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Sommer et al. (2013) – Boys’ and Young Men’s Perspectives on Violence in Northern Tanzania

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