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Özlüses and Çelebioglu (2014) – Educating Fathers to Improve Breastfeeding Rates and Paternal-Infant Attachment


Objective: To determine the effect of breastfeeding education provided to fathers on breastfeeding rates and paternal-infant attachment.

Methods: 117 couples with their infants with the inclusion criteria: knowledge of reading, writing and speaking Turkish; living in the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus until their infants were six months old; and infants having no health problems preventing the early initiation of breastfeeding. Participants were divided into 3 groups (2 experimental and 1 control). Breastfeeding education was provided to the mothers (20 min/d) in the first group (n=38) and to the mothers and fathers in the second group (n=39) (20 min/d/parent) until they were discharged from the hospital. This education was supplemented by a training booklet. The parents and their infants were followed until the infants were six months old. Exclusive breastfeeding rates and Paternal-Infant Attachment Scale scores at six months were main outcome measures.

Results: Exclusive breastfeeding rates (56.4%, 33.3% and 12.8%; P<0.001) and mean (SD) Paternal-Infant Attachment Scale scores [89.51(7.05), 82.37 (12.80) and 73.38 (18.67); P<0.001] were highest in the group where education was provided to both mother and father.

Conclusions: Providing breastfeeding education to fathers increases exclusive breastfeeding rates and strengthens paternal attachment.


Özlüses, Emine, and Ayda Çelebioglu2014. “Educating Fathers to Improve Breastfeeding Rates and Paternal-Infant Attachment.” Indian Pediatrics 51(8):654–57. doi:10.1007/s13312-014-0471-3.




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