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Carolo and Bojin (2014) – Men’s Engagement in Gender-based Violence Prevention – A Critical Review of Evaluation Approaches


This literature review highlights key conceptual and evaluation approaches to engaging boys and men in gender-based violence prevention. While limited research has been conducted regarding promising evaluative approaches, there are numerous promising research instruments being utilized, such as the Gender Equitable Men’s Scale and “Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators” (USAID, 2008).

Complicating the issue of evaluation, there are diverse entry points and contexts in which boys and men are unpacking masculinity and gender-based violence; from workplace awareness initiatives to community-based workshops. Rigorous and long-term evaluation is essential to ensure that male engagement programming is impactful at multiple levels (individual, community and broader systems). Some of the challenges in the evaluation of male engagement programming are: participant self-selection, one off programming and lack of evaluation data across the long-term. The literature review also critically analyzes the term “engagement.”

We suggest that engagement encompass a wide range of processes and activities to also include participation in social media forums (as oppose to solely physical presence in a workshop or campaign/initiative). While there has been progress in assessing attitudinal change however there is a lack of research which documents concrete behavioural change over the long-term. This can be due to lack of funding or capacity of projects to carry out effective evaluation of programs. It’s clear that rigorous evaluations are needed to ensure the engagement of men and boys in primary prevention initiatives leads to a significant advance in the reduction of violence against women and girls. Unpacking masculinity from a diversity and critical approach is also important, as boys and men do not experience power in the same ways. Race, class, sexuality, ability, cultural and religious affiliation, age are important factors to consider within evaluation methodology and outcomes.

-Excerpt from Text, p. 4.


Carolo, Humberto, and Kate Bojin2014. Men’s Engagement in Gender-based Violence Prevention: A Critical Review of Evaluation Approaches. Toronto: White Ribbon Campaign.




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Carolo and Bojin (2014) – Men’s Engagement in Gender-based Violence Prevention – A Critical Review of Evaluation Approaches

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